Early signs of someone about to have a stroke
14 Oct 2021 by Trân Trương
According to a report by the World Stroke Organization, every year globally there are 16 million strokes and about 6 million deaths from this disease. The ability to recognize the symptoms of a stroke is crucial in saving that patient’s life.
If you think someone is having a stroke, it’s important to get them to the emergency room as quickly as possible.
What is a stroke?
A stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident, is a condition that occurs when there is a lack of blood flow to the brain due to a blood clot in a blood vessel or a blood vessel bursting.
If the cause of the stroke is a blood clot, the patient needs to take thrombolytic drugs within minutes or hours of the stroke as well as the intervention of a doctor. These medications and interventions are essential because they increase the patient’s chance of recovery.
In these cases, bystanders will often be more alert than the patient, so you need to grasp the situation and quickly give them first aid in time.
Symptoms of brain dysfunction that you need to pay attention to
A stroke often presents with signs such as loss of speech, changes in facial expressions, and confusion. Patients often have difficulty speaking or trying to understand certain conversations.
Other symptoms associated with brain collapse include dizziness, disorientation, loss of balance and occasional headaches.
*A stroke can also affect several other parts of the body, including:
– Inability to see clearly in one or both eyes;
Weakness or paralysis in the arms, legs, and face, mostly on one side of the body. This symptom usually comes on suddenly;
– Nausea or vomiting;
– Fatigue in the whole body;
– Sudden difficulty walking.
Men are less likely to recognize the signs of a stroke
A 2003 survey was conducted by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine aimed at measuring people’s awareness of the signs of stroke. The results show that women are often more knowledgeable about recognizing the five main symptoms of stroke than men, the published data is as follows:
– Sudden confusion and difficulty speaking: 90% of women notice it themselves but only 85% of men do;
– Paralysis or weakness of the muscles of the face, arms and legs: 95% of women feel this sign, while only 93% of men feel it clearly;
Vision problems: 69% of women find themselves having this problem. 67% of men think that they are;
– Loss of balance: 87% of women are aware of the condition and 85% of men admit this feeling;
Severe headaches: 65% of women report having symptoms, but only 58% of men admit to having them regularly.
The above figures show that men are more negligent with warning signs about their health status than women. Therefore, as a relative, you need to pay attention to ask and remind your boyfriend or husband or father about the above 5 signs to go to the doctor in time.
How do you react when you see someone having a stroke?
Patients themselves are not able to call 911 on their own because they cannot lift their arms and speak clearly, and even become confused and lose consciousness. That’s why it’s so important to recognize the warning signs.
If you think someone may be at risk for a stroke, you should check these 3 things and then act as soon as possible:
– Face: you should check to see if the person you suspect has a stroke can smile and call 911 immediately if one side of the person’s face is drooping compared to the other;
– Arms: you should ask them to raise their arms and if one of the arms sags below, call 911 immediately;
– Ability to talk: you should ask them to repeat a simple phrase, watch out for stuttering or confusing words.
**You should be careful not to drive the patient to the hospital by yourself because the medical staff know what needs to be done better than you and they can start treating the patient right in the ambulance on the way to the hospital. hospital.
The importance of acting quickly
Every minute is very important to the life of a stroke patient. The most common type of stroke is when a blood clot blocks blood flow to the brain. A drug called t-PA can dissolve blood clots. The patient needs to be taken to the hospital within 1 hour for diagnosis and treatment begins within 3 hours.
If family members, friends or neighbors near you know the symptoms of a stroke, you will receive timely help from them when a stroke occurs. In addition, doctors can also assess your risk of stroke and help you better control those factors.
You also need to know that more than half of all strokes can be effectively prevented. By controlling your risk factors well, you can completely prevent bad health problems from happening.
Controllable risk factors for stroke include:
– High blood pressure;
– Atrial fibrillation;
– Uncontrolled diabetes.
– High fat in the blood.
– Drinking too much alcohol;
– Overweight and obesity;
– Have aortic or coronary artery disease.
Uncontrollable risk factors include:
– Age (people over 65 years old);
– Gender (men are more likely to have a stroke, but women are more likely to have a fatal stroke);
Race (African Americans have a higher risk of stroke);
– Family history of stroke.
Some people have no symptoms before a stroke occurs. Therefore, you should go for regular check-ups to detect problems earlier before they become serious. Be sure to tell your doctor about all symptoms or risk factors for a stroke.
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